- Primary Metal Manufacturing
- Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing
- Machinery Manufacturing
- Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing
- Electrical Equipment, Appliance Manufacturing
- Component Manufacturing
- Transportation Equipment Manufacturing
- Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing
- Miscellaneous Manufacturing
Manufacturing is the making of goods or wares by manual labor or by machinery, especially on a large scale. The term may refer to range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale.
In both “discrete” and “make-to-order” manufacturing methods, the shop floor uses work orders to build the products. Examples include toys, medical equipment, computers and cars.
This form of manufacturing is characterized by individual or separate unit production. Units can be produced in low volume with very high complexity or high volumes of low complexity.
Low volume/high complexity production results in the need for an extremely flexible manufacturing system that can improve quality and time-to-market speed while cutting costs.
High volume/low complexity production puts high premiums on inventory controls, lead times and reducing or limiting materials costs and waste.
Elevated topics include globalization and use of off-shore and near-shore partnerships or distributed organization. Cost of labor, along with asset intensive requirements for production make quality, speed, and efficiency paramount. Safety remains a top priority for this industry.